Cutlery is basically the craft of those who produce cutting or drilling instruments. Knives, chef knives, swords, axes, daggers, scissors. These and other blades are the products of the cutler, a professional who over millennia has made use of various techniques and technologies – from the most traditional to the most innovative – to perfect his art.
To speak of the history of the forge is also to speak of the history of humanity itself. In today’s post, we takes you to on an incredible journey through the origin of cutlery and its influences on our way of living. Stay with us and learn all about the history of blades!
The age of metals and cutlery
More than an insumer facilitator of everyday life – the discovery of metals was so important in our history that it transformed our way of living and understanding the world, becoming part of our identity as a species and as a society. And this is where our journey through the origins of cutlery begins: at the beginning of the metal age.
Yes, as you may already be realizing, our relationship with the blades, Damascus steel is very old and equally complex. The age of metals is the last period of prehistory, and comes just after the stone age, so called for having been marked by the use of chipped stone in the manufacture of rudimentary weapons and tools.
With the discovery of metallurgy, a new range of possibilities and progress was opened for humanity. The metal, being a much more malleable and resistant material than stone, could take on much more sophisticated shapes and functions. With the new and better instruments, we have been able to improve agriculture and hunting, establishing ourselves in organized societies, increasingly larger and more solid.
The first metal to be discovered was copper, about 7,000 years ago. Much softer and less resistant than the other, allowed the construction of the first specialized utensils and weapons. Then we dominated the bronze, heavier and tougher. Only with the use of iron (2,000 a.C.), however, cutlery assumed its most traditional molds, in which it would remain until the beginning of the modern age.
To shape metals and turn them into tools, ancient societies used ovens at very high temperatures, with molds made of stone. It was not long before the first metal alloys were developed, especially those that joined iron and bronze. Since the beginning of the profession, the cutler or blacksmith assumed an important position in this society that has progressed so much with its artifices – the blades being some of the most coveted products.
Cutlery for war: weapons and history
In addition to resistance, the metals showed one more advantage over the stone: they could be sharpened to the maximum without losing stability, creating a powerful weapon that could be used for both hunting and war. Sharp spears and swords, as well as shields and armor, have completely transformed the fighting between groups.
Mastering cutlery, therefore, came to mean power – a process that intensified with the great civilizations of the Ancient World and consolidated in the Middle Ages, when numerous armies had in the sword their great instrument of attack and defense. The dominance of the corinthian weapons in the clashes between armies was only ended with the emergence of revolvers in the nineteenth century.
O aço: a cutelaria moderna e suas tecnologias
Today, steel is the main raw material for the production of blades in cutlery articles. Resulting from the bonding of iron and carbon, it exhibits immense durability with great hardness andedging.
By the way, did you know there are different types of steel? Among them, we have carbon steels, alloy steels, apricot steels and stainless steels. Each has its own specialized application, valuing specific aspects of the blade.
Another aspect of modern cutlery is its value as art. Increasingly refined and precise pieces are coveted both for their cutting power and technical quality and for the beauty of their shapes. Because they are unique, personalized and handcrafted items, they are regarded as sensitive and powerful works of art.
Around this craft gathered a community of enthusiasts who appreciate blades for a number of reasons. Collectors, experts, craftsmen, survivalists, fishermen, adventurers, cooks, real Damascus knife churrasqueiros. Everyone lives the cutlery in their own way, increasingly perfecting their processes.